Geopolitics basically means how the geographical arrangements (i.e. boundaries, coalitions, spatial networks, natural resources, etc.) affect and document a region’s political power. It simply means politics in the form of international relations, as influenced by geographical factors.
The father of geopolitics is Hal ford Mackinder and the motive of geopolitics is to understand, explain and predict international political behavior which further suggests strategic course of action.
IMPORTANCE OF GEOPOLITICS.
Geopolitics holds a remarkable position in the running era. From explaining the structure of security problems to being an instrument of political warfare, geopolitics lays its importance variably.
Furthermore, geopolitical ideas can be a convenient vehicle for justification of political decisions taken on other grounds. The intended effect is to give coherence to certain political aims.
PROS OF GEOPOLITICS.
Here is the pros of geopolitics.
- Geopolitics clarifies the range of strategic choices, providing a guide for achieving strategic efficiency.
- Geopolitics provides the link between geography and strategy.
- Geopolitics makes possible that all international politics running the gamut from peace to war, takes place in time and space.
- Geopolitics has always been important for business because international law allows governments to stop foreign firms from operating in the countries.
CONS OF GEOPOLITICS.
here is the cons of geopolitics.
- Geopolitics is heterogeneous as it means everything from geographic determinism, to the spatial dimension of political inquiry, to merely an analytical way of thinking.
- Geopolitics is based on the assumptions that geography defines limits and opportunities in international politics.
- Geopolitics places particular stress on geographic space as a critically important strategic factor and source of power.
- Geopolitical turmoil can affect energy markets and energy trends can upset geopolitical dynamics.
LEADING GEOPOLITICS ISSUES IN 2021.
Geopolitical risk levels entering the year 2021 are dangerously high. The Covid-19 pandemic has added another dimension to many of these flashpoints and has dramatically raises tensions in many parts of the world.
- The Distracting US Presidential Election: This year’s presidential election in the United States lived up to its expectations in terms of its impact on global stability.
- Popular Unrest: The level of popular unrest entering 2020 was high and the pandemic resulted in an even higher level on unrest in many parts of the world.
- China and Hong Kong: China’s crackdown on Hong Kong’s pro-democracy movement took place as expected and threatens Hong Kong’s future as an Asian economic hub.
- India-Pakistan: as. Clashes between India and Pakistan were largely verbal in 2020, as India’s biggest threat last year came from neighboring China in Himalayas.